Tak (in Thai : ตาก) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located at about 16.88°N 99.10°E, height about 121m / 397 feet above sea level. Tak is a northern provincepeacefully situated on the Maenam Ping basin. The provincecovers an area of 16,406 sq km and is 426 km north of Bangkok. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang, Sukhothai, Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan, Uthai Thani and Kanchanaburi. The western edge of provincehas a long boundary with Kayin State of Myanmar (Burma). Tak was a historical kingdom built over 2,000 years ago, even before the Sukhothai period. The ancient kingdom had its peak around the 1st century. By the 5th century the capital of this kingdom was moved south to Lavo (present day Lopburi Province). A city named Ban Tak was established by Jamadevi (พระนางจามเทวี), princess of the Lavo kingdom, around 663 AD. It became part of the Sukhothai kingdom through battles led by Ramkhamhaeng the Great and formed the main fortress on the western front. The city was moved further west and renamed Mueang Rahang when the Ayuthaya kingdom was lost to Burma during King Maha Thammaracha’s reign. The city was moved back to the east side of the Ping River during the early Bangkok period.
|Name of Association||Contact Address / Phone No||Activity|
|Tak Chamber of Commerce||Maesod office: 855 Moo 1, Tha sailuad sub-district, Maesod district, Tak province63110
Tel: + 66 (0) 55 564 132
No. of Members:
|• Support trade, service, industry, agriculture, finance or general economics such as statistics collection, publish news on trade, researches on trade and economy, promote tourism, certificate of origin issuance, establishment of trade and economy institutions, product museum, trade fairs and arbitration;• Provide appropriate consultation for the members on trade, service, industrial, agricultural, financial or general economic issues. And facilitate members in running their businesses;
• Suggest the government on how todevelop the Thai economy;• Collaborate (for trade issues) between entrepreneurs and the public sector;Etc.
Source: Chamber of Commerce Act (2007)
|Federation of Thai Industries (Tak Chapter)
|8/1-2 Soi Ruamrang, Intarakiri road, Maesod, Tak Province 63110
Tel: +66 (0) 55-542-381
Fax: +66 (0) 55-542-927No. of Members:
|• Represent industrial entrepreneurs in private sector to coordinate and facilitate policies and implementation between private and public sectors;• Support and develop industrial sector;
• Study and solve problems in the Industries;
• Support and encourage study, researches, trainings and publish academic document and industry-related technology;
• Qualify products and issue the Certificate of Origin and/ or Quality Certificates;
• Encourage industrialists to exchang opinions to benefit the industries;
• Suggest members to abide by the industrial laws; etc.
About a quarter of the population belongs to one of Thailand’s hill tribes: Yao, Karen (Thai Gariang), Akha (Thai Akha), Lahu (Thai Musay), Hmong (Thai Meo), and Lisu (Thai Lisaw). The largest tribe in Tak is Karen.
Source: Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board
The development of special economic zone under the policy to open trade to West Gate.
Map of Maesot Special Economic Zone
Objective: To facilitate the expansion of the West corridor which links BIMSTEC countries (Thailand, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh) to the Western zone namely Asia, Middle East, Europe and Africa.
Maesot Model: The idea to establish Maesot Special Economic Zone is the initiative to set up a role model for economic town in the 5 regions countrywide. The zone is expected to allocate the investment to all of the regions to link the border trade and international trade.
Maesot model was primarily designed to be the combination of industrial estate and public organization. But later on, there is a tendency that it will be changed to be the combination of the industrial estate and governmental agencies. This model proposes that the private sector is the investor while the government supports the fundamental infrastructure. The private sector will be allowed to rent the land for investment in low price.
In Maesot special economic zone, there will be fundamental infrastructure for transportation, industrial estate area, distribution center, free zone, bonded warehouse, one stop service center, single consignment area and customs check-points.
For the administration, Maesot special economic zone will have an appointed agency representing the government. The agency could hold shares in the private companies investing in the zone in order to supervise the operation of the special economic zone to follow the government’s policy.
The Maesot special zone, covering 5,603 rai, will be situated between 2 districts in Maesot, Mae Pa and Tha Sai Luad, Tak province. There is a plan to construct the second Thailand – Myanmar Friendship Bridge to link Baan Wang Ta Kien, Thai side, with Myanmar.
Latest update as of 19 April 2011, The Thai cabinet has approved a budget for hiring a team of expert planners to design a Special Economic Zone at Mae Sot on the northern Thai-Burma border. A government sub-committee focusing on legal preparations for the Mae Sot Special Economic Zone has finalized a draft royal decree that will create a special entity to run the zone.
Related laws, regulations and incentives in doing business in the province
Zoned in BOI zone 3, interested entrepreneurs will enjoy the following benefits;
Tax and Duty Privileges:
• Exemption of import duty on machinery.
• Corporate income tax exemption for 8 years provided that a project with capital investment of 10 million baht or more (excluding cost of land and working capital) obtains ISO 9000 or similar international standard certification within 2 years from its start-up-date, otherwise the corporate income tax exemption will be reduced by 1 year.
• Exemption of import duty exemption on raw or essential materials used in the manufacturing of export products for 5 years.
• Deduction from net profit of 25 percent of the project’s infrastructure installation or construction costs in addition to normal depreciation, and such deductions can be made from the net profit of one or several years within 10 years form the date of first revenue derived from the promoted activity.
Special Privileges for investors in Zone 3 (36 provinces):
• 50 per cent reduction of corporate income tax for 5 years after the exemption period.
• Double deduction from taxable income of transportation, electricity and water costs for 10 years from the date of first revenue derived from promoted activity.
• 75 percent import duty reduction on raw or essential materials used in manufacturing for domestic sales for 5 years, based on annual approval (This incentive is not available to projects in Laem Chabung Industrial Estate and industrial estates or promoted industrial zones in Rayong province.)
Number of Employed Persons Aged 15 years and over by occupation, quarterly and sex in 2009 shows that there are 304,104 labors in Tak province. 138,719 people are skilled agricultural and fishery workers. 44,532 people are service workers and shop and market sales workers. 37,468 people worked in elementary occupation. And 34,515 people are craft and related trade workers.
Source: The Labor Force Survey, National Statistical Office,
Ministry of Information and Communication technology
Statistical Forecasting Bureau, National Statistical Offic
In 2009, there are 22 commercial banks settling their branches in Tak province. Four purposive financial institutions have been established namely 5 branches of Government Saving Banks, 5 branches of Bank of Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives, 1 branch of Government Housing Bank and 1 branch of SMEs Bank.
Source: Office of provincial commercial affairs, Tak province
Tak Province is a key communication and transportation centre of the North, with three Asian highways passing through the province. AH1 enters through the Myanmar-Thai border at Amphoe Mae Sot; AH2 passes through the provincefrom north to south. Also AH16 terminates at Tak. Tak is located 426 km from Bangkok. Fligh ts between Bangkok and Mae Sot are currently provided by Nok Air and Solar Air. The flight takes one and a half hours.
By Car: From Bangkok, take Highway No. 1 (Phahonyothin) and Highway No. 32 to Nakhon Sawan via Ayutthaya, Ang Thong, Sing Buri and Chai Nat Provinces, then take Highway No. 1 again and proceed to Tak via Kamphaeng Phet Province. The total distance is 426 km.
By Bus: From Bangkok: Air-conditioned buses depart from Bangkok’s Northern Bus Terminal (Mochit 2 Bus Terminal) to Tak between 05.00 am. and 10.00 pm. every day. The journey takes 6 hours. Tel. 0 2936 2852-66 or visit www.transport.co.th for updated schedules. Daily bus services to Tak are also available. They are operated by private bus companies such as Thanchit Tour (Tel: 0 2551 1307), Choet Chai Tour (Tel: 0 2551 1054). From Bangkok to Umphang, take air-conditioned buses, as well as flights from Bangkok to Mae Sot, and then, take the local bus to Umphang. There is now a charter flight operated by Siam GA Co., Ltd. For more information, Tel. 0 2504 3320 ext. 197.
By Train: From Bangkok: There are no trains going directly to Tak. The nearest train transfer station is Phitsanulok. From there, tourists can take a local bus to Tak. Contact Bangkok Railway Station Tel. 1690, 0 2223 7010, 0 2223 7020 or visit www.railway.co.th for more information.
By Plane: From Bangkok : Thai Airways flies from Bangkok to Mae Sot, a district which is 86 km from the City of Tak. For more updated information, call 0 2628 2000 (24-hour reservation center) or visit www.thaiairways.com
Or fly from Bangkok via Pitsanulok Province and then transfer to the Pitsanulok-Tak shuttle. The flights are scheduled to run every Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. Tel. 0 2628 2000 (24-hour reservation center) or visit www.thaiairways.com for more information.
Internet Network and Cellular Network are very good.
Tak provincehas 2 economic cities, Muang district and Maesot district. The available list of logistics entrepreneurs is as follows:
|Name of Logistics Company||Contact Address / Phone No.|
|P. Siam Transport||561/13 Taksin Road, Muang District, Tak Province 63000
Tel: + 66 (0) 55 511 605
|Sirisomboon Chrub Transportation Co., Ltd.||99, Asia Road, Mae Sod Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak Province
Tel: +66 (0) 55-535411 Fax: +66 (0) 55-532223
|Peuch Pol Suvannaphum Co., Ltd.||133 Moo 9, Mae Pa Sub-district, Mea Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55-546332
|Pethay SahaKit Co., Ltd.||80/4, Chitwana Road, Maesort Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0)55-536127
|Mae Sort Thung Heng Hod Transportation Co., Ltd.||22/3 Chitwana Road, Maesort Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 531 871
|Chokwiwattana Transportation Group Co., Ltd.||31/36, Intra Kiri Road, Maesort Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 546 589
|S. Winyakit Co., Ltd.||3/1, Soi Boonyawat, Intra Kiri Road, Maesort Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: + 66 (0) 55 534 054
|Sitthiwong Transportation Co., Ltd.||444 Moo 1, Mae Pa Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: + 66 (0) 55 536 749
|Sing Boriboon Chrub Transportation Co., Ltd.||1 Moo 1, Mae Pa Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 547 129
|Chai Anun Agriculture Co., Ltd.||158 Moo 8, Mae Sort-Mae Ramad Road, Mae Kasa Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 554 443
|Anake Thunyasit Co., Ltd.||365 Moo 1, Mae Sort-Mae Ramad Road, Mae Kasa Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 554 300
|Jong Jaroen Agriculture Co., Ltd.||59/1 Moo 7, Chong Kaep Sub-district, Pob Pra District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 520 141
|Patipong Agriculture Co., Ltd.||18 Moo 15, Mae Kasa Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: + 66 (0) 55 554 312
|S. Phaiboon Co., Ltd.||9/17, Intrakiri Road, Mae Sod Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: + 66 (0) 55 546 299
|Chroenchai Transportation Co., Ltd.||105/40, Soi Roumraeng Road, Samuksubpakorn Road, Mae Sod Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 536 135
|Lert Rungrueng Agriculture 3006 Co., Ltd.||256 Moo 4, Mae Sort-Mae Taw Road, Mae Taw Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 543 138
|Tong Pattana Co., Ltd.||270 Moo 5 , Maha Wan Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: +66 (0) 55 559 032
|Sing Rung Rueang Agricultural Crop Co., Ltd.||100/1 Mae Sod-Mae Taw Road, Mae Sod Sub-district, Mae Sod District, Tak
Fax: + 66 (0) 55 542 551
GPP statistics 2009 at current market price by economic activities shows that the leading sectors which contribute to GPP are
• Agriculture, hunting and forestry (11,389 million baht)
• Manufacturing (7,882 million baht)
• Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods (5,435 million baht)
• Public Administration and defense; compulsory social security fund (2,686 million baht)
• Education (2,478 million baht)
Source: Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board
Key Business Sectors and Major Products
Agriculture is a major part of the Tak economy. The provinceof Tak produces rice, corn, vegetables, fruits, beef, tilapia, and other foods. Industries in Tak include mining, granite, and jewelry. Handicrafts and Myanmar products are also important for trade.
Dominant agricultural products of Tak provinces vary from maize, beans, vegetables, baby bananas, jasmine rice, etc. Though the central market of agricultural products in Maesod has been established, the pattern of selling and buying is still traditional. Local merchants and/ or merchants from other provinces travel to buy the products from farmers. Some are bought and sold by loca l traders who are the representatives of the merchants in town. While some of the farmers, who stay close to town, bring their products to directly sell to the merchants in town. When the merchants could collect the sufficient products, they will be sent to the destination by trucks.
Statistics in November 2009 indicates that there are 474 factories/ plants in Tak province. With invested capital 11,360,609,034 baht, all factories in the sector recruit 52,325 workers. Dominant industries are granite and marble process industry, zinc smelting industry, canned food industry and textile and garment industry. Factory density areas are Maesod district, Muang district and Baan Tak district.
|Major products:||Leading Entrepreneur/ company (by employees)|
|Cadmium and Zinc smelting||Padaeng Industry Public Company Limited
94 Moo 1, Ban Klonghuaysai Asian Highway, Nongbuatai sub-district, Muang district, Tak 63000
|Granite and marble||Thai Engineering Granite Co., Ltd.
35 Moo 8 Phaholyothin Rd., Samorkone sub-district, Baan Tak district, Tak province63120
Tel. + 66 (0) 55 513 695
|Textile and Garment||Alpha Apparel Co., Ltd.
222 Maesod – Mae Ramard Rd., Moo 9, Mae Kasa sub-district, Maesod district, Tak province
Tel. + 66 (0)554 071 – 85
|Men’s wear and knitted shirts||Hang Thai Knitting Industrial Co., Ltd.
608 Moo 7, Banmaekunoi Rd., Maeku sub-district, Maesod district, Tak province63110
Tel. + 66 (0) 55 551 178 – 9Fax. + 66 (0) 55 551 190
|Textile (apparel)||T.K. GARMENT MAESOD CO.,LTD. 403-403/1 Moo 3, Maetao sub-district, Maesod district, Tak 63110
Tel: +66 (0) 55 542 879-80
Fax: +66 (0) 55 542 878
Tak provinceholds natural resources which are basically necessary to the development of the province. Mineral resources found in Tak are Granite (for decoration), Sodium Feldspar, Zinc, Coal, Industrial rocks (limestone) such as Tin, Wolfram, Scheelite, Potassium, Feldspar, Sodium Feldspar with Quartz compound. Forest resource covers 70.05 % of Tak provinceor 12,478.60 Square Meters. All of them are rainforest and mixed deciduous forest. There are 15 national reserved forest, 6 national parks and 5 wildlife sanctuary areas. Source: Tak market information 2009, Tak office of commercial affairs
On traveling to Tak Province, expect to discover a place with long history, where natural wonders are magnificently enhanced by ethnic diversity. Once a strategic military region between Thailand and Burma, Tak is now known for its bustling border markets, ethnic diversity, and natural beauty.
Today, Tak is no longer a strategic military frontier between two great nations. It is however a trading gateway to Myanmar, particularly at Amphoe Mae Sot, where lots of economic activity takes place along the border. In addition, Tak is located at the nexus of three major highways that connect Thailand’s western border north, south, and east to Chong Mek and eventually Laos.
Apart from Tak’s military and economic importance the provinceis also an environmental and cultural center with magnificent forests, spectacular waterfalls and caves, and fascinating hill tribes such as Karen, Lisu, Musoe (Lahu), Akha, Yao and Hmong.
Tak is a beautiful provincealmost entirely off the tourist map; consequently, visitors looking for true Thai hospitality and a peek at everyday Thai culture, unspoiled by the influences of mass tourism, are in for a real treat. While there are few tourist oriented sights and activities, this does not mean Tak is absent of attractions; in fact, Tak features spectacular natural attractions, including jungle covered mountains filled with exotic animal life, many hill tribe villages living traditional lifestyles, and opportunities to go white water rafting, play golf, or visit a gibbon rehabilitation center.
This is an area of stunning natural beauty. Particularly of interest are the vast bodies of water such as the Bhumibol Dam, which was named after King Bhumibol Adulyadej. This artificial lake stops the river Ping, and covering an area of 300 km is the largest in Thailand. In the cent er of the dam is Valentine Island, where visitors can relax on the sandy shore and soak up the sun.
The Lan Sang National Parks, where visitors can stop over for a couple of days and camp for just a few baht per night. Whilst there, pay a visit to the magnificent waterfall known as Nam Tok Mae Ya Pa. Other waterfalls of interest in the area include Nam Tok Thi Lo Su, Nam Tok Thi Lo Re, Nam Tok Sepla and Nam Tok Thi Lo Cho.
In an area this picturesque, it is only natural that hiking and white water rafting are good sources of entertainment, and another great way to spend a day or two is to hire a bicycle and explore the countryside. There are many charming villages to discover in the area such as Ban Thi Po Chi and Ban Pa La Tha, where the Karen villagers still dress in their original bright costumes. Of course, there are many interesting temples to explore such as Wat Si Talaram, Wat Phra Borommathat and Wat Mani Banphot, and do not forget to check out the Tham Takhobi cave with its beautiful stalagmites and stalactites and pay a visit to the Doi Muser Hilltribe Cultural Center, which includes an informative and interesting research and cultural center and is a good source of local knowledge.
Rajamangala University of technology Lanna Tak is the institution of higher education. Its vision is to become a leading institution in producing graduated practitioners who are expertise in technology and desire to develop the communities, society and the country with good and quality management. It encourages the vocational graduates to further their study in higher levels. Researches and academic service are a part of its mission as well.
|Name of Leading Centers||Contact Address / Phone No.|
|Rajamangala University of technology Lanna (Tak Campus)
|41 Moo 7 Phaholyothin Rd., Mai-ngarm sub-district, Muang district, Tak province63000
Tel.: +66 (0) 55 515 900 – 5
Fax.: +66 (0) 5511 833Website: http://www.tak.rmutl.ac.th/2012/
The western edge of the Tak provinceshares a boundary with the Kayin State of Myanmar. As Tak shares natural border with Myanmar, it is highly regarded as a western gateway to Myanmar, and a northern door way to Thailand’s major cities such as Lampang and Chiang Mai. It is however a trading gateway to Myanmar at Amphoe Mae Sot, where lots of economic activities take place daily along the border. In addition, the provincehas the Asian Highway that runs from Thailand’s western border towards the northeastern region at Chong Mek (Mae Sot Sukhothai Phitsanulok Ubon Ratchathani – Laos). Apart from Tak’s military and economic importance the provinceis also an environmental and cultural center with magnificent forests, spectacular waterfalls and caves and fascinating hill tribes such as Karen, Lisu, Musoe (Lahu), Akha, Yao and Hmong.