Mon State is the top producer of rubber in the country and it is the major secondary agriculture product. Rubber plantations can be found in many parts of the state, especially in the mountainous areas. In Mudon township, near Mawlamyaing, there is an applied research center for agricultural science with laboratory bases in rubber plantation and fertilization of some other species. Thaton, north of Mawlamyine, has a major factory of rubber products run by Ministry of Industry No. 1.
Another major business sector of Mon State is production of different kinds of seafoods, such as sea-fish and salt. Myanmar Coastal fishing is considered to be an important enterprise of the state. Villages on Bilu Island, in Thanbyuzayat, Ye and Kyaikkami townships are engaged in producing dried fish and fish sauce. Agar-agar is produced from sea algae at Marine Science Department at Setse. Salt is produced from saltems in Ye Township and Htantabinchaung in Paung Township. Seafood products are distributed to different parts of the country and exported to other countries including Thailand.
Other than agriculture and seafood industry, Mon State also has manufacturing industry including paper mills, sugar mills, rubber related factories such as hot water bottles, rubber balloons, plaster figurines and rubber tires. Extracted minerals such as salt and antimony and granite are also processed by some factories to be distributed in the country.